Cumann Seandálaiochta agus Staire na Gaillimhe

Cumann Seandálaiochta agus Staire na Gaillimhe

Galway Archaeological and Historical Society – Founded 1900

‘Wilful and wholesale murder’ — war at sea around Ireland, 1914-1918 Dr Mark Phelan The story of the British Army’s ‘Irish’ divisions during the First World War is nowadays well known, with sites such as the Somme, Messines, and Gallipoli all featuring heavily in the recent centenary commemorations. Yet knowledge of Ireland’s prominent role in the war at sea is limited in comparison, even though the coastal waters of this island were the focal point for Germany’s contentious policy of ‘unrestricted’ submarine warfare. Equally, Ireland provided refuge to the Grand Fleet of the Royal Navy – then the largest and most expensive collection of warships ever assembled – while it also became an important base of operations for the U.S. Navy from 1917. This lecture looks at these events in detail, while also recounting the Irish experience of maritime disasters that shocked contemporary opinion, and which played a crucial part in determining the outcome of the First World War. The lecture will take place at the Harbour Hotel, Dock Road, Galway at 8pm on Monday 9th December. Admission is free and All are Welcome to attend… Read the rest
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The Dr. Noel Browne Story in a New Light There is no doubt that Dr. Noel Browne is one of Ireland’s most controversial historical political figures and his legacy lingers to this day. He is also one of the country’s most revered politicians enjoying a reputation which he created through lionising himself. However, all that glitters is not gold and even a cursory glance at the evidence reveals that Dr. Browne has taken or was given credit for achievements which were not his to claim. Moreover, he has the fairly unique distinction of having to resign from three political parties, Fianna Fáil, Labour and Clan na Phoblachta. It hints that while he could be charming and charismatic, there was also a cantankerous side, which rubbed many people up the wrong way. Such was his talent for creating enemies that he was once labelled “the master of the art of revenge”. Dr. James Deeny, Chief Medical Advisor to the government wrote “Browne was ruthless and much more calculating that people had thought and indeed possibly vindictive.” As a consequence of Brown’s behaviour, senior officials at the Department of Health drew up procedures intended to protect the staff from Browne. The historical… Read the rest
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The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Campaign: a search for a new strategy 2019 marks the 50th anniversary of the official start of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. The first casualty of war is the truth and over the decades, the story of what caused the Troubles has been lost to the quagmire of Northern Irish politics. Dr. Mary Harris from the Department of History at NUI, Galway will examine the ways in which groups with different agendas in Northern Ireland took inspiration from international protests in the 1960s and embarked on courses of action with outcomes some had not envisaged. The rapidly changing dynamics of the conflict left leading figures in the movement marginalised despite their considerable idealism, charisma and talents. Harbour Hotel, Galway 8pm Monday 14th of October 2019 Admission is free and all are welcome to attend.… Read the rest
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Some Town Castles of Galway by Patrick Larkin The first GAHS lecture of the new 2019/20 season will take place on Monday 9th September at the Harbour Hotel. In medieval times, the saying that ‘a man’s home is his castle’ was a reasonable reflection of reality. This was entirely apposite in the case of the aristocracy and merchant classes whose warrior culture would identify with the defence possibilities offered by castles as residences. Over time, such castles evolved with changes in culture, and the way they were used changed too. Galway’s town castles were no different, and this illustrated talk will explore the evolution of the town castle as demonstrated in the city of the tribes.   Harbour Hotel, Galway, Monday, September 9th at 8pm.… Read the rest
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A History of Irish Dance by Hubert Jennings A first for GAHS! Despite it being one of the most popular forms of entertainment for many centuries, in our 119 year existence it looks like we have never looked at the history of dancing. Hubert Jennings will guide us on a whistle-stop tour through the ages on the subject of Irish Dance – its changes and development. It will cover the dance masters of the 19th century, their flamboyant demeanour  and modus operandi. The talk will sketch the main social, cultural, economic, religious, political, legal and technological influences brought to bear on the development of our traditional dance and the reciprocal impact on those characteristics of society from the first ceilí in London in 1898 to Riverdance 1994. There will be an outline on traditional dance development in Galway City from the 1930s and some of the main players who promoted this part of our cultural heritage for recreation and competition. The lecture will take place at the Harbour Hotel, New Docks, Galway on Monday 8th of April at 8pm. Admission is free of charge and all are welcome to attend.  … Read the rest
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The First Dáil by Dr. Séan O Duibhir January 2019 marked the centenary of the inaugural meeting of the first Dáil Éireann. Dr. Séan Ó Duibhir, will discuss the practical, and symbolic, features of the Irish State’s ‘foundation moment’. This lecture will also consider aspects often overlooked within popular history: such as the preparations for the Dáil’s first meeting in the Mansion House on 21 January 1919; the nature and importance of the four documents adopted by the (limited number of) delegates present; and the rationale behind the decision to largely model Ireland’s ‘revolutionary’ parliament on that of the ‘old enemy’ at Westminster. The lecture will take place at the Harbour Hotel, New Docks, Galway on Monday 11th of March at 8pm.… Read the rest
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Roscommon Castle, the Otherworld and the True Cross Prof. Tadgh O’Keeffe Roscommon Castle’s site and situation have long been a puzzle, as they seem somewhat inconsistent with the evidence that the castle was a fortress intended to keep the native Irish at bay. This lecture offers a new perspective on the context of the castle’s construction and suggests that the explanation for its location involves both the Táin Bó Cúailnge and the relic of the True Cross. Prof. Tadhg O’Keeffe is Head of UCD School of Archaeology. One of Ireland’s best-known medievalists, he has published five books and over 150 papers on aspects of medieval archaeology and history. Monday 11th February 2019 at 8 pm Harbour Hotel, New Docks, Galway… Read the rest
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Galway and the Spanish Armada The first GAHS lecture of 2019 will be given by Peadar O’Dowd who takes a look at the sorry events surrounding the fate of the men and boys of the Spanish Armada in Galway. Around 300 Spanish sailors were murdered by the English authorities and buried in a mass grave at Forthill Cemetery. It is now marked by a plaque unveiled by the Spanish Ambassador to Ireland in 1988 on the 400th anniversary of the atrocity. The lecture will be followed by the society’s Annual General Meeting. The event is free of charge and all are welcome. We hope to see you there. Extract from Hardiman’s History of Galway. In order the more effectually to satiate his thirst for their blood, and to seize their rumoured treasures, the lord deputy himself [Sir William Fitz-Williams] made a journey into Connaught, where this sanguinary man arrived in June, 1589, and on the 20th of that month he came to Galway. Sir Murrough O’Flaherty, William Burke, the blind Abbot, and several others of the principal inhabitants of Mayo and Iar Connaught, came in and submitted; but were put under conditions to give hostages, disperse their forces, deliver up… Read the rest
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World War I, its causes re-evaluated “The Great War was entirely England’s fault”? The next GAHS talk commemorates the centenary of the end of World War I and will look at the series of events which led to its outbreak. The origins of the war lie far previous to the now traditional explanations which are mainly confined to the 37 days of the July Crisis in 1914. The centenary of the war and related events has attracted much scholarly attention of late which has brought to the public attention that the “official” explanations of the causes of the war bear little resemblance to what actually happened. Some scholars have been particularly brave in challenging the conventional view like British historian Prof Niall Ferguson. The publisher’s summary of his book states, “The Pity of War makes a simple and provocative argument: the human atrocity known as the Great War was entirely England’s fault.” Challenging convention is an endeavour fraught with danger as English historian Dan Snow can attest due to receiving hate mail after arguing that glorifying the “awfulness and tragedy” of WWI belittles the service of every British soldier. There are also serious gaps in the popular literature as the… Read the rest
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Ruaidhri O Flaithbheartaigh and his books. Prof. Richard Sharpe “Roderick O’Flaherty, in Irish, Ruaidhri Ó Flaithbheartaigh (1629–1716/18), was an Irish aristocrat whose father Hugh held the castle and manor of Moycullen, Co. Galway. He was an eminent historian and collector of Irish manuscripts and, as author of Ogygia seu rerum hibernicarum chronologia (London 1685), he enjoyed a high reputation for his learning in the profound antiquities of Ireland. For this reason, the great Welsh scholar Edward Lhwyd (1660–1709), when touring Ireland in 1700, visited Ó Flaithbheartaigh at his home in Cois Fhairrge, Co. Galway.… Read the rest
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