Category: Previous Lectures

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Aontacht Éireann (1971-1976): The ‘Real’ Fianna Fáil? In May 1970, Taoiseach Jack Lynch dismissed the Minister for Finance, Charles Haughey, and the Minister for Agriculture, Neil Blaney, from Government. This action precipitated the public unveiling of what is generally referred to as the ‘Arms Crisis’, and threatened to tear the Fianna Fáil organisation apart. Outraged by Lynch’s actions, the Minister for Local Government, Kevin Boland, resigned from the Cabinet, and ultimately from Fianna Fáil. In 1971 he established a rival organisation, Aontacht Éireann. Despite initial enthusiasm, this new party would have little electoral impact and by 1976 had lost many of its founding members. In this lecture, Dr. Séan Ó Duibhir will provide an overview of Aontacht Éireann’s brief history. A number of its key political, social, and economic policies will be considered, and compared with the foundation principles of Fianna Fáil. Importantly, our audience will be presented with an interesting question: from 1971 onwards, were the members of Kevin Boland’s Aontacht Éireann, rather than Jack Lynch’s Fianna Fáil, the true inheritors of the original ‘Fianna Fáil’ philosophy? Note: start time revised to 9pm Direct link: https://youtu.be/3bUlDb4rw5g All Talks are available on the GAHS YouTube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC9qEeN8kuF80wWuRd1BT3aw    … Read the rest
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The Vickers Helmet - An Irish insult to the British or a British Con Job?
A lecture based on new research by Eugene Jordan, Vice President of the GAHS. The new Irish army’s decision to equip its troops with German style helmets in 1927 has been claimed was done to deliberately insult the British. Yet in December 1940, the British army approached the Irish army asking for a sample of and comments on, the Irish military helmet, commenting that they believed it to be superior to the British Brodie helmet. The Irish army responded sending a sample helmet along with a note indicating that the helmet was beyond useless. The army had initially decided to buy Italian/French Adrian helmets but testing revealed that they could be penetrated easily by shrapnel, while the British Brodie Helmet and the German Stahlhelm remained impenetrable. Both helmets had been modelled on earlier medieval designs updated in response to the trench warfare of WWI. The Irish army contracted the British Vickers armaments company to manufacture helmets  to the superior German design… Read the rest
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A diplomat with a special connection – the incredible story of Leopold Kerney, G2 and German Military Intelligence during the Second World War Dr. Barry Whelan The March GAHS talk be given by Dr Barry Whelan who is a historian in DCU specialising in 20th century Irish and European history. He completed his doctoral thesis on Ireland and Spain during WWII and has since then published in a variety of academic journals, websites, newspapers, magazines and encyclopaedias. Barry has also appeared numerous times on radio and television. He has recently completed a biography on Ireland’s first diplomat to Spain – Leopod Kerney entitled Ireland’s Revolutionary Diplomat: A Biography of Leopold Kerney with Notre Dame University. Monday 9th March 8pm at the Harbour Hotel, Galway. All are welcome to attend and admission is free of charge.… Read the rest
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The ‘Irish Brigade’ 1690-1715 Dr. Pádraig Lenihan No people’, wrote John Redmond in 1915, ‘can be said to have rightly proved their nationhood … until they have demonstrated their military prowess. Irish nationalists of Redmond’s day, and before, associated bravery on the battlefield with fitness for self-government and found comfort in a heroic narrative that depicted the ‘Irish Brigade’ or ‘Wild Geese’ as an élite corps of shock troops. The lecture will try to explain when, where and why this legend began with particular reference to the day-long street fighting in the Cremona in Lombardy in 1702. Dr. Pádraig Lenihan lectures in history at NUI Galway. He has written a great deal on early modern military history and Monday night’s talk is based on an article recently written for Irish Historical Studies. The talk will take place at the Harbour Hotel, New Docks, Galway at 8pm Monday 10th February 2020. All are welcome and admission is free of charge.    … Read the rest
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‘Galway’s Godless College: Language, Religion, Politics and the Kiltimagh Doctor Controversy of 1905’ From its foundation in 1893, among the objectives of the Gaelic League was the provision of certain public services through the medium of Irish to the people of the Gaeltacht. Gaelic League activists succeeded in persuading some local authorities to give preference to Irish speakers in medical appointments in Gaeltacht areas. This was the stated intention when, in 1905, a vacancy arose for a dispensary doctor in the East Mayo village of Kiltimagh. It was presumed that a high-profile Gaelic League activist from Galway, Dr. Séamus Ó Beirn, would be appointed. When it came to make an appointment, however, language policy collided with political and religious considerations, causing Kiltimagh to become the focus of intense local and national media scrutiny, and to provide a test case for Gaelic League policy at the beginning of the last century. This paper will examine the Kiltimagh controversy of 1905. Dr Peadar Ó Muircheartaigh is a Lecturer in Celtic Studies at Aberystwyth University and a native of Kiltimagh. He was educated at NUI Galway, the University of Notre Dame and the University of Edinburgh. The talk will take place at the… Read the rest
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Cumann Seandálaíochta agus Staire na Gaillimhe Galway Archaeological and Historical Society Website: www.gahs.ie AGM, 13th January 2020 AGENDA 1. Minutes of the AGM of January 2019. 2. Reports of office holders: • Treasurer • Membership Secretary • PRO/Webmaster • Editor • President 3. Elections of the committee of the Society: Four members to be elected for a three year term. 4. Proposal to amend the rules of the society. The committee of the society shall have to power to co-opt up to two members of the committee in excess of the limit of 12. The newly co-opted members would hold positions until the next AGM. Proposed by Eugene Jordan and approved by the committee Jan 2019 5. Any other business. The AGM will take place directly after the lecture at approx 9:15.… Read the rest
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‘Wilful and wholesale murder’ — war at sea around Ireland, 1914-1918 Dr Mark Phelan The story of the British Army’s ‘Irish’ divisions during the First World War is nowadays well known, with sites such as the Somme, Messines, and Gallipoli all featuring heavily in the recent centenary commemorations. Yet knowledge of Ireland’s prominent role in the war at sea is limited in comparison, even though the coastal waters of this island were the focal point for Germany’s contentious policy of ‘unrestricted’ submarine warfare. Equally, Ireland provided refuge to the Grand Fleet of the Royal Navy – then the largest and most expensive collection of warships ever assembled – while it also became an important base of operations for the U.S. Navy from 1917. This lecture looks at these events in detail, while also recounting the Irish experience of maritime disasters that shocked contemporary opinion, and which played a crucial part in determining the outcome of the First World War. The lecture will take place at the Harbour Hotel, Dock Road, Galway at 8pm on Monday 9th December. Admission is free and All are Welcome to attend… Read the rest
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The Dr. Noel Browne Story in a New Light There is no doubt that Dr. Noel Browne is one of Ireland’s most controversial historical political figures and his legacy lingers to this day. He is also one of the country’s most revered politicians enjoying a reputation which he created through lionising himself. However, all that glitters is not gold and even a cursory glance at the evidence reveals that Dr. Browne has taken or was given credit for achievements which were not his to claim. Moreover, he has the fairly unique distinction of having to resign from three political parties, Fianna Fáil, Labour and Clan na Phoblachta. It hints that while he could be charming and charismatic, there was also a cantankerous side, which rubbed many people up the wrong way. Such was his talent for creating enemies that he was once labelled “the master of the art of revenge”. Dr. James Deeny, Chief Medical Advisor to the government wrote “Browne was ruthless and much more calculating that people had thought and indeed possibly vindictive.” As a consequence of Brown’s behaviour, senior officials at the Department of Health drew up procedures intended to protect the staff from Browne. The historical… Read the rest
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The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Campaign: a search for a new strategy 2019 marks the 50th anniversary of the official start of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. The first casualty of war is the truth and over the decades, the story of what caused the Troubles has been lost to the quagmire of Northern Irish politics. Dr. Mary Harris from the Department of History at NUI, Galway will examine the ways in which groups with different agendas in Northern Ireland took inspiration from international protests in the 1960s and embarked on courses of action with outcomes some had not envisaged. The rapidly changing dynamics of the conflict left leading figures in the movement marginalised despite their considerable idealism, charisma and talents. Harbour Hotel, Galway 8pm Monday 14th of October 2019 Admission is free and all are welcome to attend.… Read the rest
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Some Town Castles of Galway by Patrick Larkin The first GAHS lecture of the new 2019/20 season will take place on Monday 9th September at the Harbour Hotel. In medieval times, the saying that ‘a man’s home is his castle’ was a reasonable reflection of reality. This was entirely apposite in the case of the aristocracy and merchant classes whose warrior culture would identify with the defence possibilities offered by castles as residences. Over time, such castles evolved with changes in culture, and the way they were used changed too. Galway’s town castles were no different, and this illustrated talk will explore the evolution of the town castle as demonstrated in the city of the tribes.   Harbour Hotel, Galway, Monday, September 9th at 8pm.… Read the rest
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