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Transcript of the Journal of Thomas Tasburgh S.J. on his visit to Ireland

An online addendum to an article from JGAHS Vol 69, p82-98.

Brigid Clesham’s full transcription of Thomas Tasburgh’s journal, which is now preserved in the Hocken Collections’ Archives and Manuscripts Section, University of Otago, in the city of Dunedin, New Zealand, reference number Misc-MS-1818.


Note: The use of the Julian calendar is evident in this journal when Father Tasburgh records the date 23 March 1726 followed by 27 March 1727 and also in October 1726 when he refers to 22 of the 8th month i.e. October. Spelling and punctuation in the text have been left as they appear in the journal. Where additions have been made to the text or abbreviations expanded, they appear in square brackets. Where the text is difficult to decipher it appears in square brackets with a question mark. The total number of pages in the journal is 73 with additional pages containing details of exchange rates, high tides, accounts and other miscellaneous information, including a list of ‘linnen’ taken to Ireland.


20 June 1726 to 16 June 1727

A list of linnen taken Ireland June 1726

Shirts9
Ruffells pair5
Cravatts long12
Necks and turnovers each4
Hankerchiefs snuff12
Ditto white6
Ditto taffeta fools3
Waste coats dimithy [this line crossed out]2
Nightcaps dimithy4
Towells6
Holland sleeves pairs4
Thred stockins pairs4

 

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Redmand Pursell[1] Esqr at Fethard near Clonmell Tipperary

Pray pay to H T[2] my annuity on[?e] £ being all my interest or share in the books of the joint stock of Southsea annuities for half a year due at Mickmass last and this shall be [to] you sufficient warrant dated the

To Charles Lockyear Esqr Accoun[tan]t to the Southsea Com[pany][3]

John Cuff at Ballenrobe Mayo[4]

To Mr Peter Delay at Kellquare near Earecourt[5] in the County of Gallway

Mrs Ann Mac at Killgory near Six mile bridge in the County of Clare[6]

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Inquire for Mr Pursell heir to Mr James Hacket for a letter from Dennis Hicky to his wife

To Mr Tho Knowles merchant[7]  The merchant in Waterford   R

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#

Money to Lawyers given by my Brother and me

5 Dec 1724

Given to Messr Lutwich and Talbot by my Brother which Mr Macnemara promised to repay02.020
1725 To Mr Melony by me02.02.0
22 Dec To Mr Sexton 2.02.0
1726 9 Apr To Mr Sexton for interrogt[?oin] 1.01.0
30 Apr Messr Burk & Deran 1.01.0
2 May In full to Mr Sexton 2.02.0
Ditto to his Clerk for intgt 0.13.0
Do To ditto for answer 0.16.0
This is accounted for etc11.19.0

Note Mrs Hickies certificate is in one of Macnamara’s letters. Peter Burscaux now at Cork an apothecary was one of the witnesses.

The pozy of the wedding ring  Let me us[8] rule affection Let me rule affection

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Inquire what has been done against Knockhernegras[9] so long in Mark Lynch’s possession.[10]

What has been done about Bellfore’s Bond?

Given formerly to lawyers11.19.0
In proveing the deeds44.05.2
56.04.2
Remains of the last 60 sent him03.15.10

 

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[The Journal begins – / indicates the end of a page]

Set out from London for Congue 20 June 1726

Arrived at Chester 23 ditto. Staid at Chester till Sonday 26d. Went for Pargate[11] that day and the next day being the 27th went on board Captain Whittle in the Lively, and was from Monday evening to Fryday 1 July in the morning getting over the wind being full against us.   Landed 1 July 1726.

2 July I met with Foley who told me nothing had been done this terme in the cause and seeme to insinuate as if it was on account of Mac’s absence, whom he expected every day in town and was to goe for England to have the deeds proved./

At the same time he owned to me that they might have been sent over and proved some termes agoe.

A young lawyer whom I toke to have been Mr Foley’s clerk, ask’d me how we came to be so negligent in our business as to let them get an injunction in the cause.  It was says he before Mr Foley was concerned, my answer was very short.

Wondering to see so many coaches stirring in Dublin the answer that was given was this, that there were double the number to what they were 20 year agoe because land throughout the whole Kingdom yielded now double the money to what it did then.

By all hands the estate of Congue is worth double the money it’s set at./

4 July delivered Mr Tovey’s letter to Mr Scrivener who received me very kindly I am to have a meeting with him.

Ditto I gave Mr Naughlan Mr Crabbe’s letter who seemes to answer the character given of him by that gentleman.  He is for filing a bill against Macnamarra as well as the rest and to eject him immediately.  He is allso for our setting up an informer for not paying two thirds for fear he should set up one of his own creatures, this informer must be a protestant.  But as long as the lease is to be defeated there will be I hope no occasion for that.  Macnemarra endeavours to cheate Ign[12] Tovey of 20.  Mack was soundly beaten by one Brown a little fellow in Galloway[13]/ which shews he is but a bully blusterer.  He keeps a lodging all the year round at the Three Rabbits in High Street.  Tis but a moderate one.

Mack has not been here these two last terms, and the law seemes to have stood still purely by his own fault.  His character is that he is violent and will goe to law for a straw.  He is now at law with one of his best friends here by name Mr Terry, and has had several other suites of law upon his own brangles, but carried on with our money.  His present suit with Mr Terry is a very urgent one this poor man having paid the money out of his own pocket.

5 July. Wrote to my B.ʳ the 2d time.

By rubbing up our lawyers I find our cause might still come on if Mac had been here as he/ promised.  It was his fault entirely that nothing has been done this term.

Mr Scrivener as solicitous and eager to have our cause come on as I could be myself and seemes to have no doubt but we shall carry our cause.

9th July wrote to my Brother Mr Crabbe & Adam Piggot.

This day I acquainted Mr Scrivener how we lost possession and how the injunction was obtained.  Several of the Parson[s] our adversaries being Justices of Peace by threats and bullying they got the tennants in to bonds to pay them the tythes and having got possession they got a motion made subreptiously unknown to our clerk in Chancery and prayed to have an injunction to quiet them in the possession as having peaceably enjoyed them for 3 years.  They all swore tightly to the facts tho a noted lye./ Tis to be hoped my Lord Chancellor will pay ‘em home for it in due time for imposing so grossly upon him.

I hear from several hands that the fishery turns to very great account.

Mac is said to have given O’Mally[14] 400. To his brother with the youngest daughter I suppose he gave at least as much.  Money on those occasions could be found tho none for landlord.

Mac employed an attorney here to enter up different judgements for no less than 1200£.  The attorney brought his bill in and was paid by Mac for entering them, but when he came to sue for the money, not one of the judgements was enterd, nor could he get his bonds out of his hands but at last [?outing] the attorney before a judge with much adoe he got his bonds again and his attorney thrown over the barr./

Mac is so vindictive that he would faine have persuaded Terry to have given him a fall bill or two upon his ennimy on purpose that he might sue him and crush him but Terry had more conscience & reprehended Mac for so unchristian an action. Mac’s answer was that the fellow was a rogue and consequently no harm to crush him.

In his absence I endeavoured to get possession of the writings but he had locked them up in his closet at Mr St Johns where he keeps his chamber by the yeare.  St John is the only man that speaks well of him but giving him a small detail of his proceedings towards his landlord and family he could not forbear calling him an ungratefull rascall and such other names as suited best with his character./

Some here and others of the county of Galloway say the widdow was worth to Mac above 8000£.

I find that Peter Dealy has an aversion against Mac but is a friend to our family, if he be not feed[15] on the other side I shall get Mac to retain him if I can.  If he refuses it I will fee him underhand and make use of him in my other business.

I have been here 12 days and tho’ I wrot to Mac eleven days agoe yet no Mac appears nor no answer to me or Mr Foley who has wrot twice to him as well as myself.

I have from good hands that yr estate has as good land in it as most in Connaught and that indifferent land there letts for 8 shill p[er] acre.  Yr land and tythes each of them separately make more rent as I am informed than what Mac has stipulate with you for./

I have given Mr Scrivener a detail what rogues the Mayo men have been to you and your concern, and made him sensible it was crime enough in those parts to be an Englishman to have all that country agains[t] one.

This Lord Chancelor[16] has the good word of all for an upright just good laborious understanding man and one I question not but will do us justice.   There are more brangles vexatious suites and unjust causes come from Connaught especially from Galloway side than all the other parts of the Kingdom.  They are upon record to have hired fellows to sweare for ‘em under borrowed names of very honest men.  Infine[17] they stick at nothing to gain their ends, and informing is made a perfect trade among them./

13 July 1726 About 11 at night Mac came to my lodgings and I being in bed he left a letter for [me] intimating he was just come to town and would waite on me next day in the afternoon.  I went next morning to his old lodgings he keeps by the year and to the Inn where he used to put up his horses but no Mac to be found.   After I had staid at home all the afternoon for him about eight at night he came to me.  After our 1st greeting which was not very warm on my side, I told him since he had starved me in England I was come to trye whither I could live in Ireland.  He as a sweetner told me he had brought me some money, my answer was that I was more solicitous about you than myself.   That he had reduced you to the last extremity and forced you to run a tick and borrow money to live that I myself had procured/you 50£ just before I set out or else you must have forfeited the credit you have had hither to in the world.  That shure he thought the estate his own that he treated us in this vile manner.

He told me then his wool would be in Dublin on the following Monday the produce whereof he intended to send you immediately & hoped to cleare all arrears very soon.  He reckoned his wool wool[18] would made 120£, and he paid me at that interview £51 01s.11d. Irish which makes but £46 18s.5d. in English money.  When I received it I told him I would have English money and even be allowed the exchange which he promised and shall comply before I give him any acquittance for it, tho I doubt I shall not get the exchange, the main difference as you see being in the money every shill Eng. being 13 pence Irish so that in every 50£ there are 1000 pence difference or 4 3 4./He seemes very eager I should go to Congue.  His wife I suppose is to muster up all friends to make a fine story to me but I am prepared against all can be said and shall only believe my own eyes and such as are in yr interest.  Both he and she are hated by all the countrey & I told him so.

He asked me in our first conference whether you expected full rent.  I told you did and would have it to the last farthing that he had not comported himself so to deserve any favour from the family. That I should doe the same were I in yr place, and speaking this with an aire of authority he became very supple and hoped I would not ruin him.  I told him there was no danger, that he had feathered his nest too well for that.  I allso upbraided him for loosing the two last terms which he denyes and appeals to Foley. But I am shure Foley told me as good./

On the 15 July I staid till past 6 in the afternoon for him, but he came twice in the hour I was abroad but I saw him not all that day.

When he was last in town he borrowed some money of Mr Scrivener which was I suppose to give a colour of his want, that Mr Scrivener might seize him for money for us.   The match between Mac’s younger brother and the youngest girl was clapt up whilst he was last in Dublin that he might not seeme to have any hand in it, but his tricks are easily seen thorough.

15 July I retained Mr Peter Delay and told him the state of our case but he desired to have it as drawn up.  The pretensions of the Eustace heirs he seemes to make very slight of quoting 2 or 3 Acts of Parliament against any pretensions they can have./  He blamed much the clergys getting possession of the tythes, but I convinced him it was by stealth force and sway they have in those parts.  He said he remembered you perfectly well, and wished you had set your estate to Darcy[19] who would have paid you much more rent and been honest and just to you.  My answer that you had been so harrassed and plaugued by gentlemen of that country that you could not confide in any one without some further knowledge of them or they giving English security which Mr Darcy could not compass.  He promised to doe us all the justice he could, and would give me a letter to a friend of his within two miles of Congue who [would] show every parcel of land and give me the true value of each piece.  He says the estate must be very considerably underlet etc.   Allso discoursed about the [?sroole][20] and his opinion seemed to be much in yr favour./

15 July passing by a linnen drapers shop Mac told me he had bought good part of the linnen there.   The shop keeper asked me how it proved I told him very ill.  Upon that he told Mac that he [?fines][21] had not the finest of him, but on the contrary had told him it was damaigied cloth when he saw it.  Afterwards I asked Mac how he could send such after he heard it was bad.  His answer was that having bought else where he thought it was said out prejudice, but that he would send her another piece in lieu of it, with a hogshead of wine and a dozen of glasses to make her amends.

The evening before I met Mr Foley and we agreed to consult and fee again Messrs Colahan and Peter Delay what writings must be proved in England and wh[at] proofs must be here.  Mr Foley is in no apprehension about the tythes/ and in my conference with Mr Delay he told me there were no less that two Acts of Parliament against the heirs of Eustace in our favour.   Mr Foley says both these points will have but a short triall both turning upon a point of law.  The old rogue [blank space] who swore you out of the town of Congue died like a dog without recalling his perjury, tho’ the priest told him he must be damned without it.

Mac has begun a house at Congue that will cost him 200£, his bricks stone and lime are ready to goe on and only waits for the recovery of his tythes.

Mr Foley is much pleased at my securing Mr Delay on our side, who has no love for Mac but loves our family.   Mac promised again to clear most of the arrears very soon he is very supple & cringing, he said he let the fishing but for 6£ p[er] an[num]./

16 July Sonday I am invited with Mac to dinner at Mr Foleys where we shall conclude of all that is to be done this long vacation and so get out of town as soon as possible.   We have agreed to treat Mr Scrivener handsomely before we goe, he is a great favourite of my Lords and a thorough friend to our cause. vivats[22]

Sonday 18 July dined with Mr Foley and was most civily entertained and very hansomly.

19[th July]. The case and writings laid before Mr Peter Delay with a quere what writings are necessary to prove and after what manner Mac gave him 2 pistoles.  He promised his answer in 24 hours.  Met with Mr Stanton who saluted me very civily my complement to him was, that I was glad to have a person of integrity to be employed against us/ being shure that nothing but what was faire and hon[oura]ble would be brought in against us.  He told us that we had an other potent adversary against us viz Mr Tickle Secretary to Ld Carteret [23]who was just married to Mrs Eustace.[24]  My answer was that since we were not pleade in verse or contend for a lawroll I did not in the least fear the success of so just a cause.  He then told me my adversaries were as confident on their side.  And in his opinion it was better to agree matters. Mac and I are to feel his pulse as to that matter as soon as we can.  If very moderate would content him I’m for giving a little if that would doe.

20th July Passed the evening with Mr Foley.  I insisted much that Sr John Eustace’s was an absolute sale.  That I defied him to shew me out/ of all his practise in the law , that anyone ever lent money upon a mor[t]gage that could be of no security to him either for interest or principle till 43 years were lapsed.  That was he or any other lawyer in Ireland to have drawn a conditionall sale, whither it would not have been allmost in the same manner as Sir John Eustace’s deeds.  That in those deeds there are some strong expressions, which Mr Molony takes notice of, to be only propper in an absolute sale.  He seemed much of my opinion, but then says he what need of endeavouring to get a decree, my answer was that having a knave to deale with, my father was desirous of shutting all doors against him.  Mr Foley is in no apprehension of the inheritance, but to feare a bit the the[25] tythes as purchased under the Eustaces.  He says he can force Hart[26] to a tryal next term if we have all proofs on our sid[e] ready./

21 July Wednesday night was come and none of Mac’s wool yet come but he says it will be here tomorrow.

Mac has bespoke a chaise for his wife that will cost him 17 or 18£.  It’s here by all hands reported even by some of Mac’s own relations that his wife was 8 or 9000£ to him.

His own brangles and his tryal put off 3 or 4 assizes cost him as he has owned to me 400£. I shall be easy here till a good bill is sent to my Bʳ before we leave this place, and shall sollicite hard for another as soon as I get to Congue.  Mac promised m[u]ch but will I fear be semper idem.[27]

23 July Mr Peter[28] after having perused our deeds, thinks our title clear both as to tythes and inheritance and seems to make no doubt of success.  He gave me a most civil obliging letter to Mr Bermingham[29] neighbour of Congue/to let me into all the secrets he could about the estate and in it desired, that he would in his name beg the same favour of his friend Mr Martin.[30]  After dinner Mac began his old story with complaints but I soon stopt his mouth by telling I could prove out of his letters that he never had received one penny out of the estate. That he had made use of yr money for his own brangles and could prove 500 or 600 spent that way from his own mouth which you ought to have had.   That my eyes were now open that it was past his or his wife’s skill to throw dust in our eyes any longer.  That I did not question but his wife had laid pretty scheems in the country to blind us on but I was well prepared against them, that I would sooner believe the disinteressed part of the Kingdom than what he or his creatures could say./

I told him at the same time what some of his own relations said that to their knowledge she was worth to him 9000£. That knowing yr losses and necessitys after the fire it was barbarous in him to take no more more[31] notice of it than if he had suffered nothing.  That whilst he and his wife were hoarding up yr money or making use of it for their own occasions, you had continual duns at yr gate, and must have sunk under them, had you not brooke into a principal you had out at interest.  He had very little to say for himself but made mighty promises, which I told him signified but very little either with you or me.

23 July Yesterday I received a letter from my Bʳ wrot to him today.  Went to pay my Bʳˢ compliments to Sr Walter Blake at Finley.[32]  Delivered to Mac Charles’s deed of trust./ Sir Walter and my Lady Blake were very civil to us, my Lady had seen my Brother’s first wife at Mrs Mathews.[33]  They both expressed much value for our family, and how we had been wronged in our concerns.  But no one has suffered more than this good knight and his Lady.  Take the history as I had it from his own mouth.  Sr Walter having business that called him from home for 3 or 4 months thought he could leave his only son in [no][34] better hands than in his [blank space] Lynch of Ledican.  He had not been there not above two months when young Lynch of Ledican contrives to marry him to a pretty lady a protestant but not worth a groat, and at the same time persuaded this youth to turn protestant and set up an informer against his own father Sr Walter.[35]   By the laws of Ireland any son who turns protestant does make the father become tenant for life to his son.  And Sr Walter who had/ had formerly purchased some lands & felled some wood was obliged to account to his son for the whole time he had held that estate and for all the money he had made of his wood, so that he was cast and brought 15000 in debt to his son besides being become tennant for life.  He appealed to our Parliament of England, but not following the business himself, and it being about the time the business of thorn[36] was at the hottest, he was allso cast there by the votes of the Bishops, and inveteracy of Lord Lechmore[37] who stickled most against.  To crown his misfortunes the family of Delays are now endeavouring to defeat his daughter to whom he gave 5000£ of her dowry by enforcing the act of gavelkind[38] against her. Her husband was as I take it the eldest brother to the Delays and Mr Power Delay is the person chiefly concerned against her.[39]  This is to be tried at the next assizes in Galloway.  Whilst he has had this treatment from the Lynches who are his/very near relation Mr Lynch the father owes the knight 1800£ upon bond and judgement, for which he intends to sue very soon.

Sonday 24 July 1726.  Spent the afternoon and evening with Mr Mac[?k]anistor a most civil courteous obliging man, gentleman of the horse and great favourite of Lord Conway[40] he always lodges at the Angel and Bible near the Rolls Tavern in Chancery Lane.[41]

25 July Mac[‘s] wool not yet arrived but Jack Lynch of the family and one who keeps a shop in Congue arrived who left the wool about ten miles off.  A slye slick young fellow intirely in Mac’s interest.

26 July.  Mac’s chaise not finished so we must stay till Thursday before we set out.  He is gon[e] to see his wool supposing it come and promises a bill by this night’s post, but I doubt it very much.  I went with Mac to Scriviners in order to get a petition preferred against the Joyces/ But due and regular steps not having been taken in the country beforehand Scrivener would not meddle with it. Tho he chaulked him out a way how to proceed in it.  This Joyce on[e] Ricchi di Coghie the head of the clan owes Mac 200 of old arrears and when he with his posse went to arrest him after often brooke his word, Mac[‘s] men between 20 and 30 were soundly divided and Mac forced to run 4 miles to escape them.[42]  Mac made a second attempt and brought two of his sons off who are now in Galloway goale and have about seven score actions brought against each. 200 of the Joyces came down in a body to rescue these two Joyces but Mac got them by water to Galloway goale.

29th July Set out for Galloway about two in the afternoon and arrived there about two on the first of Augst after a most jolting incommodious journey.  No lodgings there to be had but a very great rate vz 10 shill p weeke forᶻ serry[43] chambers./

2nd Aug. Mr Lynch and his son, young O’Mally and my cousin Tasburgh[44] came to see me and welcome to town.  Mr Lynch expressed a great esteem and value he had for yr person and how ready he was to serve you.  That Mr Brown of the Neale[45] was not the ill man that had been presented to our family, that he had often offered to leave all disputes between you & him even to Mr Lynch himself.  That Mr Brown was ready to give all his father had left him could it be made out that he possessed them wrongfully.  That he would be glad to see me and to agree upon methods to end matters amicably.  Mr Lynch invited me to dinner & treated me very handsomely he allso invited [me] to take a bed at his house and engaged me to dine with him as long as I staid in town.  His son was allso wonderfully civil to me./

In the afternoon I met Mr Brown in the streets and being told by y[ou]ng O’Mally who I was he came up and saluted me very civily wished me wellcome to Ireland and told me he had a great respect for the family and was ready to leave all present disputes to any person whatsoever.  My answer was that whatever difference there was between him and Mac that I knew no ground for any misunderstanding between him and our family, that being here in person I hoped to leave all good friends before I left the country.  That what was now in dispute we should not be so very positive did we not know it to be our undoubted right, and that I should be equally glad to see it ended in an amicable manner, and thereby a foundation laid against all future misunderstandings.  He then invited me most kindly to the Neale and I promised to waite upon him./

Whilst I was talking with him my Lord Athelrea Poor Dayly and another joined who all saluted me very kindly.[46]  Among other discourse they told me that it was a misfortune to our concerns that Mac had so little love in the country.  That they had all in their time been serviceable to himself and even saved his life for which he had proved very ungratefull.  As for my part says my Lord I came out of bed with a favour[47] on my back, to serve him for which I was never thanked to this day.  They all seemed to agree that the loss of the possession of the tythes was chiefly owing to the ill will he had in the country my answer was something of the same nature as I gave to Mr Brown.

3 Aug.  My coussen O’Mally’s wife[48] takening Congue in her way to Galloway, her mother went and lay out of/ the house and would not see her though all disputes were ended between them.  She is so intoxicated with her present husband that she will not acknowledge her former at least to her children.  She says he came a beggar to her and that the whole race was beggars. That one was a servant to the Duke of Norfolk and was turned off with disgrace for misbehaviour.[49]  That she had rather see a bastard of Mac than any of that fellow’s children. That as all the family had worked for their living that her daughters should doe the same.  Sometime before she married she brought a great book down to her 3 girls & there laying her hand upon told ‘em that as that was the gospell she would either dye or marry Mac & that they should not have a farthing from her that she could hinder them/ of.  Both she and Mac have both endeavoured to fully even the reputation of these poor orphans whose characters I find to be very good from all hands.   I find she has often boasted that she feed Council to draw up such a surrender of her lease that should not hold good that she might blind us, and at the same time have the lease stand firm if she pleased.  Both he and she are hated worse than cat or dog by all the country round unless by two or 3 familys.  The Lord St George, Sr Walter Blake and Bingham.  She has allso said that the estate should continue in the Macnemaras.  That he was next heir to nephew Frank, that they had all the writings and could turn to Eustaces if it was necessary./

5 Aug. A young gentleman neighbour to Conge and son of [blank space] declared  at full table after dinner at Mr Lynch’s house that the tythes of Conge estate were above 300£ p annum, and nobody there though all were well acquainted with the estate thought fit to contradict him.

A little before dinner Mac and his son O’Mally had a brush at cuffs in the church yard, which happened thus. Mr Lynch and I had had some discourse together about a match proposed for the eldest daughter.  A pretty young gentleman of about 150£ p ann.  A third person found us who was commissioned to propose this matter again it having formerly been on.  After we had discoursed him up comes Mac and O’Malley and the business was proposed.  Mac seemed to relish it very well, but when we came to mention 600£ for her fortune/ he say’d it could not be done that he had not so much money.  I replyed that the mother had promised her much more even to 1200£.  Then he flew out what he had done for them.  Mally told him it was no more than what he could not hinder, and so one word drawing on another Mac gave him foul language and O’Mally at first returned it gently but at last gave him as good as he brought; upon which Mac run up to him and collard him.  O’Mally laid about him for the time pretty but people pushed in and soon parted them.  Mac marched off and Mr Lynch, O’Malley and I kept the field of battle.

All the gentlemen of this part of the country seeme friends to the Tasburghs but seeme to have an aversion to Mac and his wife./ Poor Nanny turned out of doors for marrying the brother tho Mac compelled her to it by threats. Contracted her to his brother paid for the licence and declared to her that it was with her mother’s consent.

All tennants and servants mouths stoped.

The tythes alone set for better that 300£ p an.

Arrived at Congue the 9 Augst staid in Galloway to that day from the 3d of Aug. Very civily entertained by Will Lynch.

Deane[50] upon his death bed seemed uneasy at the wrong he had done you and dropd out some words that signified as much as if the inveterate violent carriage of my cousen toward him was the occasion of his not recalling what he had done.

Mr Brown disposed to give up all to any but Mac./

The house and gardens well enclosed by Mac. 1000£ young ash trees given away by her to Mr Eyeres[51] some few planted about the house and in Clogher which is now set at 20£ p an.

15 Aug.  A prodigious concourse of people to Chapple & plen[ary] Indulg[ence].

The wood cut down in Joyce Country[52] by Richard di Coghi out of which Mac had two boats.  The wood of Clogher cut down and a turner at work one season there to make wooden dishes cups bowles etc for Mack’s advantage.

Given out by Mac and his wife and sworn to by the former that he paid 700£ p ann. for this estate and his daughter O’Mally had [?cante] the estate and occasioned the rise.   The poor children never knew that Charles Tasburgh had ever left their father anything.[53]/

16 Aug Wrot to my Bʳ and receiv’d his of 23 July.

Tolahan[54] ought to be sued for all the country exclaims against the injustice done the family.

Old James Hussey[55] came to see me and seemes a fast friend of our family, he may be a usefull man.

Pretty oak trees cut down in the 3 Little Islands the bark whereof came to 8£.  The best trees in Clogher[56] cut down the best left. 4 of the best trees cut down were given to Math. Brown of Shrule there were in the place 140 tall trees..  He[57] first began to cut 2 or 3 for lathers to mend the old house.[58]

Desired his brother to turn protestant to purchase in his name./

Patrick Lynches children by Mac’s means made affidavit of an intrigue carrying on between  –  and that rascall obvious and this bass affidavit shewn by Mac & his wife to all.  John Macnemara recommended to P.[59] who had 14 bastards.

Greggins in[60] set to John Ellwood[61] for 3[?6]£ p an. and he lent Mac 50 p[er] advance for rent. Note he desired John MacWalter Baun Joyce[62] to bid him 40 p an before me, for all 3 farms in Joyce Country.

27 Aug.  The house pulled down at Killguine alias Killdunn.[63]  The orchard & plantations spoild and the fine quick set by Andrew Lynch[64] planted ruined by Mac’s sheep and neglect.  The house pulled down by him etc./

Mr Marcus Lynch[65] bid me 80£ p an for Duras Greggins & Duarty[66] and said a little should not part us.  He allso said he would give 1000 guinneas fine and 300 p ann for a lease of 31 yrs.

I doe not find the tennant owe him 40£ tho so much in arrears to us.

All the tennants that he or she have to doe with are racked to death by them.

She formerly influenced my cous[i]n Perry to seize Mr Deane the very day the rent was due in order to make him give up his lease of Lislahery[67].  And after that he for fear of distress payed her the rent the day it was due during the remainder of the lease./

[?3] Sept. Went to Mr Darcy’s and civily entertained till Saturday.

13 or 14000 little ashes growing up in Clougher destroyed by Madam formerly which if preserved would be now worth as many pounds.

Mac gave a lease of 7 years to those of Clogher and has now warned them out.

Madam’s principle was to keep the estate bare and naked. Mr Darcy offers 100 p ann for the 2 Crosses and Kiltigorra.[68]

Andrew Lynch being detained in prison for his [?taxs] Mac sent to tell him that if 5£ would do him any service he would give him which being accepted of.  After he was free Mac discoursed him for this [?and receipt] when he was told it was a gift/he asked whither they had anything under his hand that shewed it they answering no.  [?Then] says he I never mind promises unless under my hand.

20 Sep.  Duarty is set at 40£ p ann to Richard di Coghi in lease for 7 years.  Greggins set as above to John Alewood[69] by lease for 36 p an and Duras has actually 36 milk cows & horses upon it.  Note Alewood paid 50£ p advance for rent.

This family so jealous of my getting intelligence that John Brian was severely reprimanded by Madam for holding some discourse with Nurse, as if he was divulging or betraying their secrets.  This poor man has but a little patch of ground for which he pays 20 sh p an/ and the grazing of two cows for [which] he pays 30 shill p an and has a poor cabin and garden for which he is bound to visit every day Mac’s sheep and cattle and to doctor them or assist at it, and must goe to that business whenever called upon by the shepherd by day or by night.

21 Sept.  Mac refused to give any security for peoples keeping possession of the tythes, but told them Mr Tasburgh would indemnify them.  It’s thought he gave the tythes up either to avoid refunding the money in[70] Hart got the better or to have a pretence to pay less rent.  Madam gives out to all that I am so generous as tell her all that is told me in order to frighten people from telling truth./

22 Sept Mac in a great passion because I seemed more inclined to believe multitudes before himself and swore he had been 500£ out of pocket in defending the estate of Conge and that he would not lay out one penny more about it as long as he lived.  I kept and said little or nothing to him which vexed him the more.  In passion he cares not what he says or does.  I have some reason to believe he has some account of my letters and my Brother’s that were opened.

Whores, bitches, divils, jades turn them all out of doors at once are the salutations he often gives the poor girls his daughters.

The tenants of Crivagh[71] and Lislahery are warned off for May next and must goe a begging./

5 Coggs[72] of salmon were most carefully pickeld to be sent to England, and he gave them all away at Dublin last year.

26 [Sept]. One Roberts Joyner[73] and keeps a publick house at Hutford[74] took a lease of 7 years of Mac for part of Cross at the rate of 55 p an but Mac, who at the same time promised him to abate the odd 5£ after a year or two.  The poor man coming to challenge it Mac beat [?him] and ki[c]ked him very severely and had like to have broke his neck down the ladder and warned him out of his farm.  Roberts insisting he would defend his lease Mac bid him defiance and upon Roberts shewing his lease to Council found Mac had imposed a defective lease upon him [?& so quit then]/

28 Sept. Dunning Mac for a bill for England, truly he told me he had no money.  I told him money must be found upon which he replied there might be a point of law as to what he owed; & that he was not obliged to pay the whole now the tythes were not in his hands.  I told him that he lost possession of the tythes on purpose to have a pretence but that should not doe.  That he received above double out of the estate what would answer the rent, and told him that money I would have upon which he bid me begin as soon as I pleased, I then ratled him pretty smartly and put him in mind how much his tone was altered since he came fawning and cringing into Lincolns Inn Fields which made him ashamed/ and brought him into [?an] other temper and promised a bill next month.

Mac and his wife have often bragged that they would be still so much in arrears as would pay themselves for the law and tythes if lost.

His character is so well known in the county of Clare that some persons of note & probity seemed to pitty those that had any dealings with him.

Madam has often bragged to her servants and even to the hackney postboy how cooly and sli[gh]tingly she carried herself to me, by not coming near me whole days together when I kept my chamber.

She has often thanked God that the estate was not in Harry Tasburgh’s power to settle but was to come to Frank Mac’s near relation, who would be very kind to him and settle it in the family of the Mac’s./

All the neighbours are persuaded that my letters are opend at Holimount[75] or Ross by their contrivance and that the two Lynches John and Dominick are the persons sent upon that errandt.  It’s certain they have been much out upon some expedition upon Mac’s horses ever since I have been here.

They are so suspicious of my getting intelligence that all the tennants are afraid to speake to me and should I speak to them they have their lesson what to say or else not to make any answer.

Little Mr Martin upon a quarrel with Mac beat him heartily and then told him he was ready to give him any satisfaction either by sword or pistol, but Mac insisted to have him goe into the County of Clare to fight him, which he knew could not be granted.

Where Mac pretends in one of his letters that as he and his wife were riding along the high roade, one fired/ at him out of a ditch.  Whereas the truth was that he and one [?O’Neal] having a quarrel, that spark drew a pistol at him on the road by[76] neither touched him nor his horses neck as pretended.

29 Sept.  Madam has often bragged that she would pay her arrears in stone walls and building.

At all times and in all company she will endeavour to vilify her late husband as a beggar and of no family.

In her bill in Chancery in answer to O’Mally she swore she was but 16 yrs old at her first marriage and that good part of her money out at interest did actually belong to her landlord.

Not being able to eate the bad bread of the house poor Nurse beged a favour of cake for me and sent it me, w[hi]ch I left upon my table riding out that morning but at my return it was gone.  The servants were abroad & could not take it. But Madam pretended a strange dog ran up the lader and she believes took it, but no dog/was ever seen to goe up that ladder before or after.  But Monsʳ was seen to go into my chamber.

Father John was sli[gh]tingly spooke of and railed at upon a false supposition of giving me intelligence.

Ld Athelrea[77] with Mr Brown and their families coming to make merry upon one of the islands in the Lough.  Mac and his wife hearing of it went off for Joyce Country and gave orders that no boate of theirs should be lent them, nor any of their fishermen to assist them.  My Lord sent one to borrow one of their boats, and Nanny contrary to their order lent one for which at their return they resented much.

Peg and Nanny would faine have taken the fishery and given the same money as Gill gives for it & some neighbours offerd to be the girls security, but it was refused them, for fear they should get a little pocket money by it./

His brother has two witnesses who will give it under their hand that Mac bragged in their company that his wife was worth to him 1400 in all wherof but 500 was disputable.

After his brother was contracted by him Mac did all he could to induce him to tye himself up never to give him any disturbance but to content himself with w[ha]t ever he should doe for him.

Mr Blake having heard that Mac spoke ill of his countrymen sent him a challenge but found he had no stomach to it.

She sent three weathers and a great quantity of liquors to Patrick Lynch’s against his and his cavaleades coming to fetch her away.

The chief maid was obliged to go bare foot to Ballenrobe to buy/ a pair of shoes ‘tho she had borrowed a horse and boy he hindered her taking either.

Madam has told several that she was going to live in town and she hoped she should never see her children more, and that she had rather see all her substance go to bastard of Mac than to her own children.

A poor man having a horse that Mac liked, Mac sent an other to buy it as for himself.  After the horse was bought for 3£ Mac meeting the seller asked him whether he take him to be paymaster which the poor man accepted but never got his money.

Madam has cloaths by him worth 200£ and Mac has 8 or ten suites several of which are twistd.

When Mac sees a likely young beast among his tennants he/ tells them he must have it & they dare not but send it home.

She cannot give a good word to her old chaplen Father John because he would not side with her and confirm some of her lyes.

Her daughter Letty sending her a horse load of fish, she [? ft] the bringer, how she dared to send her any thing.  The fellow told her there was no harm done and walked off with the fish, but she soon sent one after him to bring the man & the fish back and with much generosity gave the fellow two shill.

Madam was offe[re]d by Mr Jeffry Brown[78] 100£ for as many trees in Clogher, and Mr Brown of Shrule offerd as many guinneas.

Mr Blake had supplied Mac with shirts, money, horses, bootes and servant in his troubles and in return Mac quarrelled with him at Ballenrobe and was well beaten by him, after which he said what will the women/ think of their hero to be beaten by so little a man.  After this Mr Blake proffered to give him any satisfaction but Mac refused to fight unless he would goe into the County of Clare.

1 Oct.   This day Peggy was refused a little soape by her mother to get her linnen washed abroad.  Her mother allso told her that Mac had done too much for her allready and would doe no more.  Peggy replied she had right to a share of [what] her father left.  Your father said the mother was a beggar and w[ha]t I have was got by my own industry.

There is a fine young wood growing up in Doarty if preserved.

When Peggy went for Ennis her foster father gave her into her pocket seven pound hard money which the mother borrowed it by degrees still she got all, and swore by the dead hand of her late husband/ that she would repay her the first money she got, but never paid her to this day.

Upon Madams going off with Mac she left a great bag with Nurse in which she pretended were 40£ in brass money, and gave most strickt charge of it.  Soon after marriage Mac came for this bag which seald up, but Nurse watching the opening of it saw it was stuffed with gold and silver.

Poor Peggy taking a lining of a gown which her mother had formerly given her. The mother flew into such a passion as to call her a noted lyar etc and I heard her say that was it not out of respect to me she would come up at[79] beate her as long as she could stand over her.

6 Oct. This evening I gave a very round lesson and told him that his wife had no more right/ nor title to the overplus of what she paid than he had to the money in my pocket.  I meant during her late sham lease.  At the same time he promised me to clear all scores very soon.

After I had spoke so plain to Mac and he for some time gon out of my chamber Madam calls her chiefe maid and told her that she had been listening to what was said between me and Peggy after Mac was gone and take notice that I heard my cousen say that Peggy was very happy in being in such an honourable person’s hands, that he was a just honest good natured understanding man etc and added now you are going away let the gentlemen of country know what I heard my cousen say.  This the maid told me next day and was all a lye of Madam’s./

Mac promised O’Mally to pay all the costs my Brother was at about his answer or else Mr O’Malley would have taken care to discharge them.

Mac would not standt to articles agreed upon before 4 of us under his own hand, but said that his meaning was different let his pen declare what it will at the same time he fell into a passion like a madman and abused both his uncles Will and Andrew to a high degree, calling them rogues and would kick them down stairs were it not out of respect to me.  He thundered much at the door when it was shut.

Andrew saying I was a neat man Mac replyed he’s nothing to his brother who is so nice that if he sees a speck of dirt upon the stairs will take out a cambrick handkerchief and rub the dirt off./

Madam has taken all the ways she could to wrong her daughters. Some doe say that she has even altered the very figures in her husband’s books.

My Lord Athelrea told me that Hart had asshured him that he was surprised himself that the tythes were so easily given up.

Mac in his troubles sent to Mr Hart to tell him that he should shew himself easy to him about the tithes provided he would now stand his friend in his present affair.

Mr Brown often told her that he was ready to end their dispute as soon as she pleased but she allways put him off.

She still stands in a notorious lye that she gave Martin Blake[80] 10£ as a fee to end the business with Mr Brown.  But Mr Blake swears to the contrary./

Mac has tampered with several persons of distinction within this last half year in order for them to buy of Chetwood[81] & their interest in our land for himself.

Enquire whither it is not advisable for us to buy that interest they being poor, and obliged to pay compound interest should they stirre and prevaile.

Mr Blake of Ballesnyden[82] has promised to let me know when it is a propper time to sue for Tolehan.[83] At present the sheriffs are the Bishop’s creatures.[84]

It is of opinion that our time is not elapssed in Knockharnegras our title being upon a new bottom.

Make him a friend in all your affairs.

14 Oct[85]  Captain Lynch of Ballicurren told me he got out of/ his bed and rod several miles to stand Mac friend but without being thanked.

Mac has lately threatend to sell his interest to Lord St George or to a Bingham who would give us trouble enough.

Some say he has it in his head to sell off all before Lady Day & so to deceive his landlord.

Madam and Mac were pleased to order the tennants not to hold any discourse with me and that if the[y] met me full but not to shew me any respect or to take any notice of me.

22 [8th][86] Set for Dublin, and arrived there the 27th of Oct. about noon.

28 Delivered Mr Sexton’s letter to Mr Foley and read my Brother’s to him./

Mac has allso a bill filled against Mr Geoffry Brown[87], Will Lynch and O’Mally.

Mac has gon this whole week in his bootes with his swip in his hand being unwilling I suppose to dress in his fine cloaths before me, he has now a dispute with his cousen St Johns about the lodgings he kept by the year. In fine[88] he’s in a scrape with all the world & thinks he has as much law as any body.

10 Nov Upon my desiring Mac to write to Richi di Coghi not [to] cut down the young wood that was growing upon one of his farms words arising he fell into a dismal passion, and said with a pale[89] that both I and his landlord had been very ungrateful to him and his wife, that cared not a pin for either him or me that he would not pay a penny more to him or me, and said he sett us both at defiance, he knew w[ha]t to doe.  I sayed little only that I did/ suppose he thought the estate his own and so I walked off leaving him to cool upon the matter.  The next day he was upon an humbler pin and sent me a letter to begg I would meet him at the usual place to dine, w[hi]ch I did, and he there made a further excuse for what he had said in his passion, I passed it all by on account of the suite depending, and not having consulted my lawyers what course to take.  It’s evident he has the utmost malice in his heart.

I’m informed that on the day I left Conge Mac should say that he would not spend sixpence more to create ennimies.  Madam allso said that her landlord durst not have said such things to her as I did, for she had it in her power to make him repent it and goes on in repeating this speech.

Mac said allso that night among his fellows and tennants that if he had not often regarded himself in the face of the country he would have often/ kicked that old rotten churl out and told every one that asked him what made him abuse his Uncle Lynch that it was not him that he abused but the Tasburghs in general.

The same day Mac cursed and swore that while he lived no Tasburgh should ever get the better of him or be possessed of any of those lands for that he would give them clamper enough, and added that we had but a short time of it.  He allso said he was indifferent whither the tythes were recovered or not, for he would pay nothing till they were recovered.

He intended to let some farms near Drumsheel[90] which he hires, but now resolves to keep them in order to drive his stock upon them if he can if we goe to seize.  He has allso left orders not to demand any all hallowtide rents that he may pretend how much they are in arrears.  He has allso given orders not to pay any outgoings but to let them seize in order to convince us what great trouble he has in that estate./

16 Nov.  Mac sent for his friend St John to the Venetian Standard and asked for the account between them which he seemed to like very well and drank to him soon after he took a short poker out of the fire and ran at him, but was stoped by one of his own name from further harm than burning a fold in St John’s cravat.  St John’s bill came [to] 72£ odd money part for lodging and part lent.

Mac promised to sign a release to Mr Lynch of Garracloon for the 292 £ he paid to Peggy and after he had made the release to be alterd 2 or 3 times with cost and trouble and had told me that he had ended matters with Mr Lynch slipt out of town without signing for which Mr Lynch intends to file a bill in Chancery against him.

19 Nov This day Mac’s brother Frank was to file a bill against him for Nanny’s his wife’s fortune./

Mac went off for Cong the 17 Nov.  When he took leave of me I told him he had often promised me money for myself and Brother, and once or twice he said he would pay no more to either of us, and then desired to know which he intended to stand to.  He then excused himself again that the latter were only words in passion and that he would send money for both as soon as he got down.  My answer was that if they were words in passion he need not have bragged of them next day as he did of which I was told again which made him look very silly.

24 Nov.  I passed this evening and supped with Sr Henry Lynch[91] a civil free open hearted man, who told me that passing through Ballenrobe went to the goale hearing was close prisoner there on imputation of high treason and takeing compassion to see a gentleman in that condition on his own accord very frankly offered to be his baile and there/ wanting an other gentlemen of fortune to be bound with him, he went to Mr Martin Blake[92] and got him to join with him to gett him out.   After that they both went to my Lord St George[93] and were bound in very high recognanses for his appearance.  His trial being put off Sr Henry came again and renewed his baile: but finding that Mac did not thank him for what he had done nor take any notice of him but would ride by his house and take up at a scrubb inne just under his nose he washed his hands of him and his affairs from that time.

Mac at this time has under the contempt of the Court for two or 3 causes vz Martyns Terries and [?etc].

Several are of opinion that a Mayo jury would give good cost for the waste he committed in cutting down the timber in Clogher and the young wood in the Islands; for the bark alone of which latter he was paid in Ballenrobe 8 or 9£/

Wrot to Mac for money for Mr Foley my Brother and self 3 Dec 1726.  Item, wrote to him upon the same subject 20 Jan.

Mac by a letter to Ld St George acquaints him that he expects trouble from his landlord, but my Lord was informed of part of his history by W. J.  Mr Jeoffry Brown was writ to by Mrs Deane about the unjustice done us about Toleham he being of that jury but I heare of no answer to her letter as was promised.

4 Feb 1726[/7]. Wrote to Mac to pay good part of the arrears and to discharged those upon bond & note before the end of this month.  This letter was in answer to the sham bill of 60£ upon Sr Walter Bleake.

Do[94] Last weeke Andrew Lynch filed a bill against Mac for putting in sute a bond of 300£ against which he swore before Doctor Fergas upon the gospel never to molest him about it. Mullroe is also to [?sue him]/

25 Feb 1726[/7].[95] Mrs Wright’s letter was delivered into the hand of Counsellor Welden by Jack Smith attorney, & Mr Welden told him he would answer it and return the money by Tuesday’s post.

4 Mch 1726[/7].  Searched the King’s Bench office and found Martha Wright’s judgement for 1000£ against Richard Arundle Esq entered as of Hilary term 1724 but recorded only the 9th March following.  Given for the search 0.2.6.

23 Mch 1726[/7].  This day Mrs Grace[96] arrived at Dublin and delivered to me Mr O’Malley’s lease with the other papers. I went that night and left the memorial at the Register office and shall have the registering completed on Monday next being the 27 March.  I wrote to O’Malley as soon as I lodged the memorial in the office tho his presence is not necessary at the Register office./

The papers I received with Mr O’Malley’s lease were the memorial, the defaisance to O’Malley’s lease, O’Malley’s bond of 1000£ for p[er]formance of covenants.  A copey of Mac’s defaisance. My Brother’s affidavit before Bennet and Mr Sexton’s instructions.

27 Mch 1727.  This day I went with Mrs Grace to the Register office about 5½ in the afternoon where she was examined by the propper officers, took her oath that she saw the lease and memorial signed by my Brother, and signed an affidavit thereof.

19 April 1727. This day Cousen Owen O’Mally signed his lease, bond and two other instruments of the estate of Conge and at the same time I gave him a note under my hand that whereas by the lease Peggy Tasburgh was entitled to a partnership or share of the proffitts of the said lease when ever my Brother Tasburgh should make it his request, that the said/ the said clause was not to be understood that the said Peggy Tasburgh was to have any share of the house and gardens of Cong without the desire and and consent of the Owen O’Malley.

At the same time I told him and promised that my Brother should allow him something toward rebuilding his house when he was in quiet possession.

Mac made my Ld St George’s bond 100£ whereas the debt was but 92£.  Mac seems lately to have come to town only to spirit up Eustace’s heirs against us he lay 8 or 10 days here in cog[nito] and went off the 19 of April or thereabouts.  Sr John Eustace’s heirs can’t agree among themselves as Stanton told Mark Lynch and at the same time said Mac was a rogue.

4 May.  I was civily entertained by Mr Brown Junr who told me that his brother would certainly doe us justice and end matters amicably with us.  Mac after keeping Mr Terry out of his money 3 yrs at last paid him the 21£ principle with full costs and interest which came to between 36 &/40£ over and above the 21£ principle, not dareing to stand suites.  Thus our money goes.

Tho’ Mac gave leases of 7 years to the tennants of Clogher yet he pretends to turn them off at his pleasure.

12 May this day I was in close conference with Counselor about Mac’s [?Elwors] lease who told me he would engage that Mac should pay all arrears if the law could be stoped upon which I gave him Mac’s history and his wife’s and insisted that before I would give any positive answer, that Mac should pay all the old arrears as an inducement for my Brother to my Brother to think him mended.

27 Ap.[97] Peggy tells me that Madam abused Fr John Glyn up[o]n a civil visit made her for sideing with the Tasburghs – and said that Mac had a lease for 27 yrs and that the devil should not hinder him of it.  She was in a great rage./

Landtaff[98] belonged originally to one King who followed King Charles in his exil[e]. Upon which one Blackham[99] came over with a debenture upon the the merit of having hung the scaffold on which King Charles was executed on. black bags being a woollen draper and had Landtaff given to him, upon his debenture.  Soon after he sold Landtaff to one Vernon for a valuable consideration. Upon the restoration this Vernon finding his purchase in danger applied to one of his name but not a kind[100], a loyalist who was come over to make his own claime to a small estate, and was father to Mall Vernon, who pretended to stand this other Vernon friend, and told him the only way to serve was for him to convey the estate to him that he might pass patent for Landtaff with his own promisory to restore it after patent was passed: but the patent being once passed this Vernon the Loyalist kept that estate as his own there being no declaration of trust and Mall Vernon now/ enjoys it, whose title arises from Blackham who hung the scaffold.

Ita [?Item] Counselor Trevor Dublin the 12 May 1727.

Mac returned me the 12 May 17£ Irish by Mr Trevor but not one penny to Mr Foley.

O’Malley set out with the ejectments on the 14 May but went first to his brother Pat’s.[101]

Mac has forbore to burn out the tennants of Lisloghery Crivay and Clogher upon O’Malley’s lease and now gives them good words promises to be kind to them and to give them long leases.

27 May. O’Malley has served the ejectments in the County of Mayo and is about serving the rest.  The Joyces refused to give possession to Mac.

28 May. One Mr Askison was twice formerly and one Mr [?Fant] to day with me from Mr Lynch of Tirawly to know when our trial would be. Mr Lynch having held out over possession of our tythes to this day./ I told him & Mr Askison formerly that we expected a trial as soon as it could come on in its course as it stood upon the list and that my lawyer had asshured me it would come on this next term.  I would give no order or promise to either for Mr Lynch’s holding the tythes on, but left it to his discretion and honour and told him at the same time that it was not my business Mac being at present in possession of the estate.

3 May[102] [June] 1727.  This moment Mr Joyce sends me word that being at the Exchequer office he found a bill filled by Tho[mas] Macnemara against George Macnemara and Henry Tasburgh on the 29 of last April which he says must be a discovery bill: and I suppose resolved on on advice of Mr O’Malley’s lease being registered the 27th of March last./

5 June 1727.  This day my Brother arrived in Dublin being Monday and began to lodge and [?board] with Mrs Grace and to employ his his barber the day after and I the day after that.

16 [June] My Brother’s and O’Malley’s answer filed against Mac.

[Thomas Tasburgh died 5 July 1727]

Note: This page is annotated in pencil in a different hand ‘page omitted accidentally, ref [?to] p 53 …. 73 pp’.  Between pages 53 and 54 one leaf (2 pages) has no numbering, so although the pages of the main text are numbered 1 to 71 there are actually 73 pages of journal entries.

[The journal ends with 12 pages of accounts and other recordings]

Money received of Mr Macnemara since 1 July 1726 my arrival in Ireland, all in Irish money.

Received of him
13 July 1726 Irish 51.1.11
Received at Conge Irish 38.18.8
1 Nov _  _  _            Irish 05.10.11
17 Feb by J. Lynch  Irish 10.00.0
                                                                  Irish106.00.6
Lent & laid out for Mac 25.08.0½
Received then in all 80.12.5½
Which makes in English money 73.16.1
5 Ap 1727 Recd of Mac by bill Irish 10.00.0
Rd 12 May 1727 of Mc by Consl Trevor Irish 17.00.0

————————————————————————————————————————————–

10 May paid to Owen O’Malley by my Bʳ’s order 3 half £ for my 3 coussens  1.14.6.
Paid Mr Gernon for my second campagne wigg[103]  2.15.0
3d May retained Counsel[o]rs Garret, Burk & Caldwell for the countrey trial agnst Mac 

1.17.0

Feed Mr Daily for multa[104]  1.03.0.
Feed dito for moving about the decree against Sr J. Eust[ace]  1.03.0.
Paid ditto for going before a master in Mr Hart’s cause  1.03.0.
Sent Mr Darcy a retaining fee being the 1 June  1.03.0.
15 June in part for the Serjeants’s fee  1.03.0.

————————————————————————————————————————————–

For 6 pair of thred stockings0.38.0
4 months lodging to 9 Feb.4.16.0
For 6 night shirts2.04.0
15 Feb for coales0.04.6
23 Feb Feed Mr Delay [?Excut]ed Joy[?ce]1.03.0
For chocolate 2£0.05.0
For mending my wigg0.02.8
Searching for Mr Wright Judgem[en]t0.02.8½
20 M[ar]ch for coales0.02.5
Paid for washing 3 months ½0.11.6
Paid for registering the lease0.3.6
Treating O’Malley & Folie twice0.11.6
19 Ap 1727 Fee to Mr Delay ab[o]ut O’Malley’s lease1.03.0
Item treating Mr Delay Foli & O’Neal0.5.6
Paid Folies clerk for engrossing O’Malley’s defaizance & other writings0.5.0
For two dimithy waistcoats0.09.4
Paid for 11 weeks lodging in Castle Street ending this day 27 April 17273.11.6
To servants & moving0.04.0
5 May Paid Mr Delay for processing the ejectments1.03.0
8 May for 4 pillows [?bicosst] & ½ breath for 4 sheets0.11.8
18.17.9½

————————————————————————————————————————————–

Lent and Laid out for Mac

Lent in hand 13 guin[ea]s 12.6. English which makes in Irish money15.12.6½
Paid for him to Mr Costula05.15.0
To John Brian by order00.10.0
To Messr Delay Calahan Bowles03.09.0
Noting 1st [?pt] Mr Blake’s bill00.00.6
25.08.0½
June 7th two fees to Mr Delay for moving about the decree against Sr J. Eustace and going before a Master on Mac’s acc[ount] 

 

2.06.0

————————————————————————————————————————————–

From F to D800 f
From D to C774 f
From E to F the length800 f
The circumference3200 f
The diameter1151 f
No man can shoot an arrow off the top and cleare the building it being from the centre

On the top 12 stones square on which 60 men may stand

566 f
The diagonal line115
Sphix statue from chin to the eare18 f
The stone asuestos [asbestos] yields a cotton which is incumbustable. Ladder nettons petrifies badies or wood steeped in a decoction of it

————————————————————————————————————————————–

 

Monsʳ Boullaye la Gouz[105] his description of the large Egyptian Pirimide near grand Cairo

Solid superficies above ground at the bottom ………….64000 feet

Feet square in all the solide 120320000

Its figure is four square and were it hung in the aire would take up …………… 18784000

It is built with stones 4456294 ͨ

27 foot cube in their solid each.

————————————————————————————————————————————–

Mr Lynch of Garrackloon

Mr Fr Darcy of Keltamadar[106]

Mr Blake of Ballysnyden[107]

Captain Lynch of Ballycurren[108]

Mr Brown of the Neale

Mr Browne of Clorane[109]

Mr Brown of Shruele[110]

Doctor Fergas

Walter Joyce

Ld Mayo

Ld Athelrhea

————————————————————————————————————————————–

The route from Dublin to Conge[111]

Leslip7
Menouth3
Clancurry4
Clunar bridge4
Kinnygad6
Beggars bridge5
Killbeggen Balaghegore8
Mote Granno6
Athelone6
Mounttalbot10
Melagh12
Ballaghleigh
Tuam7
Clare Tuam2
Shreule5
Cong7

————————————————————————————————————————————-

S.O.        Thomas Monro

NN          John Brian

Fl y                  Flearty

Wy         Andrew Linch

Mw y     Mathew Hussy

Fk y        Mr Frank Darcey

The out goings of Conge

The crown or quit rent32.12.0
Triennial visitation10.00.0
To the curate of Killmaine Shruele and Conomarra 

10.00.0

To the curate in Tirauly10.00.0
To the free schoole02.00.0
                                                            In all64.12.0

————————————————————————————————————————————–

Charges from London to Dublin07.14.0
Six shirts and makeing04.00.0
For 4 weeks lodging001.04.0
Spent in Dublin to 27 July02.09.0
A plad night gown02.04.0
In Doctors and Apoth[ecary] at Conge03.14.0
Ibidem[112] to servants in chambers etc02.06.0
Spent on the roade to Dublin02.01.7
Paid to Mr Costula by order05.05.0
Feed Mr Peter Delay about etc02.02.0
Makeing my frize coate etc01.05.0
18 Nov paid for 3 weeks lodging00.18.0
3 Dec Paid Mr Darcy01.01.0
For a Roculore[113]02.04.0
To John Brian by Mac’s order00.10.-
24 Dec feed Mr Bowles01.01.0
5 Jan feed Mr Calahan01.01.0
Paid for a wigg03.14.0
Paid for 4 new cravats01.02.0
For the memorial00.03.6
Paid for coales01.01.8
Jan 10 feed Mr Molone01.01.0
Paid for letters to the 20 Jan00.19.0
For two pair of shoes00.10.0
For a hat0.10.6
#49.11.9

————————————————————————————————————————————–

Wrote to my Br 7 & 14 Sept 1726 in answer to his of 28 Aug.

25 Sept writ to my Brother in answʳ to his of 10 of Sept

Note I came down to my new lodging 17 Novem. Paid Mrs Bird off on the 18th ditto for my old lodging and so began a new score.

Note this day vz 9th Feb I payed Mrs Bird 03.18.00 for 12 weekes lodging ending this day & took an acquittance

————————————————————————————————————————————–

[Note this page is crossed out]

Spent in the way from London to Dublin07.14.0
6 shirts and making04.00.0
Spent in Dublin2.09.0
A night gown2.4.0
At Conge in Doctor and Apoth.03.14.0
Ibidem to charity etc02.06.0
Paid to Mr Costula English05.05.0
Paid Mr Peter Delay02.02.0
To my taylor01.05.0
Paid this 18 Nov for 3 weeks lodging0.18.0
5 Dec Paid Mr Darcy01.01.0
Pd for a Rocoloar02.04.0
Spent on the roade from Cong2.01.7
Paid to J Brian by Mac order0.10.0
24 Dec paid Mr Bowles1.03.0
5 Jan paid Mr Calahan1.03.0
Paid for a wigg3.15.0
For 4 cravats1.02.0
Paid for the memorial0.03.6
Coales1.01.8
16 Jan feed Mr Molone1.03.0

 

 

[1] There are references to a lease of ‘Lissatawe’, [Lissatava, parish of Kilcommon, barony of Kilmaine] held by a Redmond Purcell from Theobald 5th Viscount Bourke of Mayo, dated 28 May 1666, in the Westport Estate Paper collection, see National Library of Ireland, Ms 40,893/2(11).

[2] Henry Tasburgh, his brother.

[3] Charles Lockyer was chief accountant to the South Sea Company for a number of years.  He died in 1752.

[4] John Cuff of Creagh, Ballinrobe.

[5] Peter Daly of Quansbury, parish of Kilquain, Co Galway, was the fourth son of Denis Daly of Carnakelly, parish of Kiltullagh, Co Galway, a judge at the Court of Common Pleas at the end of the 17th century and his wife Mary Power.  Quansbury was located near Eyrecourt, parish of Donanaghta, Co Galway.

[6] Ann or Nanny Macnemara (nee Tasburgh), George Macnemara’s step daughter, who was married to his brother Frank.

[7] Thomas Knowles, a Catholic merchant at Waterford, involved in the colonial trade.

[8] The word ‘us’ is also written.

[9] Knockardnagrosse (high hill of the crosses) in the parish of Cong, belonging to Sir Robert Cressy in the mid seventeenth century, see Robert C. Simington Book of Survey and Distribution, Co Mayo (Dublin: 1956), 48.  This area can possibly be identified as part of Knock North and South, situated to the west of Cross East and West in the parish of Cong.

[10] Mark Lynch FitzJames succeeded his father-in-law Marcus Lynch of Garracloon in July 1725.  Garracloon is situated between the villages of Cross and The Neale, Co Mayo.

[11] Parkgate on The Wirral, a port for embarkation to Ireland in the 18th century.

[12] Ignatius?

[13] Galloway = Galway.

[14] Owen O’Malley of Ardagh, Burrishoole, was the second son of Owen Mor O’Malley circa 1650-1739. He was usually referred to as Owen the younger, or Owen junior.  He married firstly Lettice Tasburgh and apparently his second wife was her sister, Margaret Tasburgh.  Margaret O’Malley, alias Tasbroc, died in 1789 & her grave stone is next to the altar in Burrishoole Abbey.

[15] As in paid fees.

[16] Richard West, Lord Chancellor of Ireland from 1725 until his death in December 1726.

[17] In truth.

[18] The word wool is written twice

[19] D’Arcy of Houndswood, parish of Cong, Co Mayo, see http://landedestates.nuigalway.ie/LandedEstates/jsp/estate-show.jsp?id=79

[20] This word may be scroll or Shrule.

[21] This word is possibly crossed out.

[22] Long live.

[23] John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville, was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1724-1730.

[24] Thomas Tickell (1686-1740), described as a poet, bureaucrat and disciple of Joseph Addison.  He became Addison’s biographer and literary executor.  In 1724 he was made Chief Secretary to John Carteret, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.  While in Dublin he became acquainted with Jonathan Swift.   He married Clotilda Eustace in 1726 and Swift’s companion, Esther Johnson (Stella), died in Clotilda’s Dublin home in early 1728.  Tickell is mentioned in Swift’s The Journal to Stella. See Paul J. Degategno and R. Jay Stubblefield Critical Companion to Jonathan Swift: A Literary Reference to His Life and Works, (New York, 2006).

[25] Repetitious mistake.

[26] Reverend Henry Hart (circa 1677-1734) was Vicar General of the Diocese of Tuam 1712-1734 and vicar of Cong 1719 -1734.

[27] Always the same.

[28] Daly.

[29] John Bermingham of Kilbeg in the parish of Ross (Clonbur), Co Galway, was married to Elizabeth, daughter of John Browne of Westport.  Their eldest son was named John and he and his wife, Anne Chambers, were the grandparents of the Bermingham sisters, Mary and Anne, who became the Countesses of Leitrim and Charlemont in the early 19th century.

[30] The Martin/Martyn family held land in the Ballinrobe area from the 17th century, see http://landedestates.nuigalway.ie:8080/LandedEstates/jsp/estate-show.jsp?id=517

[31] Repetitious mistake.

[32] Possibly a reference to Finglas on the outskirts of Dublin?

[33] Sir Walter Blake 6th Baronet of Menlough, Co Galway and his second wife Agnes, daughter of John Blake, were married in 1706.  They had one daughter Catherine.  Francis Young records Mary Frances Northrope, who died in 1706, as the first wife of Henry Tasburgh, see Francis Young ‘The Tasburghs of Bodney: Catholicism and Politics in South Norfolk’ in Norfolk Archaeology XLVI (2011), 190-8.

[34] The word ‘no’ does not appear in the text.

[35] Sir Thomas Blake 7th Baronet was the son of Sir Walter Blake 6th Baronet and his first wife Anne, daughter of Sir John Kirwan of Castlehackett, near Tuam, Co Galway.  In 1716 Thomas married Elizabeth, daughter of Ulick Burke of Tiaquin, parish of Monieva, Co Galway.

[36] This word should be ‘throne’ and refers to the Hanoverian succession when George I became King of Great Britain and Ireland in 1714.

[37] Nicholas Lechmere, Ist Baron Lechmere (1675-1727).

[38] A system of inheritance in which a deceased person’s property is divided equally among all male heirs.

[39] Catherine daughter of Sir Walter Blake 6th Baronet and his second wife Agnes, married Denis Daly of Carnakelly, Co Galway, on 10 April 1722.  Denis Daly is recorded in Burke’s Irish Family Records (1976) as the son of James Daly, eldest son of the Rt Hon Mr Justice Denis Daly (died 1720).  Denis died in July 1723 and Catherine married secondly Sir John Browne 5th Baronet of the Neale and died without descendants in 1775.  Thomas Power Daly was an uncle of Catherine’s husband Denis and succeeded his nephew in 1723.

[40] Francis Seymour (1679-1732), son of Sir Edward Seymour, Speaker of the House of Commons in 1673, assumed the name Conway and was created Baron Conway of Ragley, England in 1703 and Baron Conway of Kiltullagh, Co Antrim, in the Irish Peerage in 1712.  His heirs became Marquesses of Hertford.

[41] The Dublin Weekly Journal (1725) records the location of the ‘Angel and Bible’ in Dame Street, Dublin.

[42] One of the folklore stories told about George Macnemara revolves around an incident similar to this and may be based on this event, see Patrick Higgins, A Brief Sketch of the Romantic Life of George Macnamara of Cong Abbey (Ennis 1899).

[43] Serry = crowd closely.

[44] This may be Lettice Tasburgh who was married to Owen O’Malley.

[45] George Browne of The Neale, succeeded his father John, circa 1711 and died 1737.  He was married to Bridget Bermingham, daughter of Edward 13th Lord Athenry and Bridget Browne of the Westport family. He was succeeded by his brother John.

[46] Francis Bermingham, 21st Lord Athenry, (1692-1749), Thomas Power Daly.

[47] Fever?

[48] Lettice or Letty O’Malley wife of Owen O’Malley of Ardagh, near Newport, Co Mayo.  She was a daughter of Peregrine Tasburgh and his wife Ellis Lynch and a step daughter of George Macnemara.

[49] John or ‘Jack’ Tasburgh (1617-1692) was involved in local politics as a supporter of Henry Howard 6th Duke of Norfolk (1628-1684), see Francis Young ‘The Tasburghs of Bodney: Catholicism and Politics in South Norfolk’ in Norfolk Archaeology XLVI (2011), 190-8.

[50] Mary, daughter of Stephen Deane of Cong, married Hyacinth O’Rorke of Creevagh, Co Sligo, in 1765.  Hyacinth was killed in a duel in 1769, see W.B. Drury and F. W. Walsh Cases argued and determined in the High Court of Chancery during the time of Lord Chancellor Plunket (Dublin 1839), Vol I, 198 and The Ballina Herald 8 March 1947, 4. Also http://landedestates.nuigalway.ie/LandedEstates/jsp/estate-show.jsp?id=160

[51] Meaning £1,000 worth of trees given away to the Eyres, a land owning family in Co Galway.

[52] Joyce Country, a district west of the northern part of Lough Corrib and the southern part of Lough Mask extending to the coast.

[53] Charles Tasburgh of the Parish of St. Clement, Middlesex, in his last will and testament dated 1704 (proved 1708), left £100 to his brother Peregrine and any surplus after the payment of his expenses. NA Kew, PROB 11/502/207.

[54] Tonaleeaun, a small townland in the parish of Cong, part of the Cong Abbey estate.

[55] James Hussey of Cong was uncle to Luke Hussey of Westport, ‘clerk’ to Colonel John Browne of Westport House, see the Westport Estate Paper collection, National Library of Ireland, Ms 40,905/6(10).

[56] The townland of Clogher is in the parish of Cong but in the county of Galway.

[57] This word may possibly be ‘she’.

[58] Lath = thin, flat strip of wood, especially one of a series forming a foundation for the plaster of a wall.

[59] Peggy?

[60] Is?

[61] Griggins, a townland in the parish of Ross, Co Galway.  John Elwood of Ballynalty, parish of Shrule, Co Mayo, was a church warden for the parish of Cong in 1746 and died in 1762, see Brigid Clesham ‘The Elwood Family of Co Mayo’ in The Irish Genealogist, Vol 6, No. 4 (1983).

[62] Walter Bane Joyce is mentioned in the Westport Estate Paper collection, see National Library of Ireland, Ms 40/908/3(1-6).

[63] Killguine = townlands of Kildun More and Kildun Beg, parish of Cong, part of the Cong Abbey estate.

[64] Possibly a reference to Andrew Lynch of Galway, who purchased land in the barony of Kilmaine, Co Mayo, in the 1620s.  He lost his Galway property under the Cromwellian settlement but retained his Co Mayo lands at Garracloon under the Restoration Settlement. Garracloon borders Kildun. Andrew had two sons John and Marcus, see Martin Blake ‘A transplanter’s decree of Final Settlement by the Loughrea Commissioners in Cromwell’s time’ in the Journal of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society, Vol III, (1903-1904), 148-153.  Also http://landedestates.nuigalway.ie/LandedEstates/jsp/estate-show.jsp?id=1718

[65] Marcus Lynch of Garracloon, died on 14 July 1725, so this ‘Marcus Blake’ must be his son-in-law Mark Lynch FitzJames, who succeeded him, see Martin J. Blake, ‘A transplanter’s decree of Final Settlement by the Loughrea Commissioners in Cromwell’s time’, in the Journal of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society, III (1903-1904), 148-153.

[66] Dooros, Griggins and Dooghta, all situated in Joyce Country, Co Galway.  Griggins is located in the parish of Ross, while Dooros and Dooghta are in the parish of Cong.  All three townlands were parts of the Cong Abbey estate.

[67] Lislaughera, townland in the parish of Cong, part of the Cong Abbey estate.

[68] Cross East and West and Kiltogorra, all townlands in the parish of Cong, all parts of the Cong Abbey estate.

[69] Elwood.

[70] This word should probably be ‘if’.

[71] Creevagh South, Middle and North, three townlands in the parish of Cong, part of the Cong Abbey Estate.

[72] Possibly meaning a cog or coggle, a small fishing boat.

[73] A joiner.

[74] Headford, Co Galway.

[75] Holimount = Hollymount, Ross = Clonbur.

[76] But?

[77] Lord Athenry.

[78] Of Castlemagarret, near Claremorris, Co Galway and Ashford beside the village of Cong, Co Mayo.

[79] And?

[80] Martin Blake of Moyne, parish of Shrule, Co Mayo, located a short distance outside the town of Headford.

[81] Benjamin Chetwood was married to Ann Eustace, a niece and co-heir of Sir John Eustace.

[82] Ballyshingadaun, parish of Kilmolara, borders Kildun.

[83]Tonaleeaun.

[84] The Protestant Archbishop of Tuam also held land in the parish of Cong.  The prelate at the time was the Reverend Edward Synge, Archbishop of Tuam from 1716 to 1741.

[85] An estate at Ballycurrin on the eastern shore of Lough Corrib, in the parish of Shrule, Co Mayo, was in the possession of the Lynch family from the late 17th century.

[86] October, the eighth month in the Julian calendar.

[87] Of Castlemagarret and Ashford.

[88] In truth.

[89] Face?

[90] Drumsheel Upper and Lower are two townlands just north of the village of Cong, parts of the Cong Abbey estate.

[91] Sir Henry Lynch 5th Baronet of Currendualla, Co Galway and Castlecarra, Co Mayo.

[92] Martin Blake of Moyne, parish of Shrule, Co Mayo.  Moyne is located on the Mayo/Galway county border about a mile north west of the town of Headford, Co Galway.

[93] Sir George St George of Carrickdrumrusk, Co Leitrim, created Baron St George in 1715.

[94] Ditto – with regard to the date?

[95] Julian calendar.

[96] Mrs Mary Grace, wife of Walter Grace of the city of Dublin, gent[leman] was one of the witnesses to Henry Tasburgh’s lease of the Cong Abbey estate to Owen O’Malley of Ardagh, Co Mayo, dated 23 January 1726/7.  The lease was to last for seven years, see Registry of Deeds memorial number 51.445.34303.

[97] Possibly a mistake for 27 May.

[98] Landtaff would appear to be Clontarf.  The castle and lands of Clontarf were in the possession of George King in the 16th century and his son Matthew King was deprived of the estate after 1641.  It was granted to Captain John Blackwell by Oliver Cromwell in 1649 and sold by Blackwell to John Vernon.  In 1675 the property was created a manor and Edward Vernon received letters patent from Charles II.

[99] Charles I executed in 1649.  John Blackwell was the Cromwellian treasurer-at- war.  He was responsible for the cost of constructing the scaffold on which Charles I was executed. Lawrence J. Arnold, The Restoration Land Settlement in County Dublin 1660-1688: A history of the Administration of the Acts of Settlement and Explanation, (Irish Academic Press, 1993), 48. The woollen draper reference may be to Sir Richard Blackham of London, described as one of the greatest traders and promoters of woollen manufactures in England, created a baronet by William III in 1696, died 1728. Thomas Tasburgh appears to have mistakenly mixed up the two names. https://books.google.ie/books?id=tOyPAAAAMAAJ&q=%22John+Blackwell%22+%22Charles+I%22+%22scaffold%22&dq=%22John+Blackwell%22+%22Charles+I%22+%22scaffold%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiC6_TRy5zKAhWBHg8KHa_sAZQQ6AEIODAB

[100] Kin or kindred?

[101] Patrick O’Malley, a lawyer.

[102] As previous date is 28 May, the month should be June.

[103] William Martial Myddelton ed., Chirk Castle Accounts A.D. 1666-1753, (Manchester University Press 1931), 255, footnote 410, states ‘A campagne or campaign wig had knots or bobs (or a dildo on each side) with a curled forehead.  They were so called because they were worn by the military during campaigns.’

[104] Multa is the Spanish for a ‘fine’.  Feed as in paid fees.

[105] François de La Boullaye-Le Gouz (1623 – 1668/1669?), French aristocrat and traveller, he visited Ireland in 1644.

[106] Francis D’Arcy of Killmadra (Coill Madra) or Houndswood, parish of Cong, Co Mayo.  Burke’s Irish Family Records (1976) records a Francis D’Arcy, a lieutenant in the army of James II, as a member of the D’Arcy family of Gorteen.

[107] Ballyshingadaun, a townland situated in the parish of Kilmolara, Co Mayo.  It lies just outside the parish of Cong and borders the townland of Kildun More, part of the Cong Abbey Estate.  Kildun More separates Ballyshingadaun from the townland of Garracloon, where the Blakes built their home.  The village of The Neale is located in Ballyshingadaun.

[108] For Lynch of Ballycurrin, see http://landedestates.nuigalway.ie/LandedEstates/jsp/estate-show.jsp?id=578

[109] For Browne of Claran, see http://landedestates.nuigalway.ie/LandedEstates/jsp/estate-show.jsp?id=951

[110] Matthew Browne of Shrule.

[111] Leslip [Leixlip], Menouth [Maynooth], Clancurry [Cloncurry at Enfield], Clunar Bridge [Clonard Bridge], Kinnygad [Kinnegad], Beggar’s Bridge [original name of Rochefortbridge], Killbeggen Balaghegore [Kilbeggan, the townland of Aghamore borders Kilbeggan], Mote Granno [part of Moate is in the townland of Moategranoge], Athelone [Athlone], Mounttalbot [Mount Talbot close to Ballygar], Melagh [Moylough], Ballaghleigh [Ballaghalea is in the townland of Cloonascarberry between Ballygar and Moylough, Father Tasburgh would have passed through Ballaghlea before Moylough], Clare Tuam [Belclare], Shreule [Shrule], Cong.  At the time an Irish mile was equivalent to about 1.27 of an English mile.  It is not clear which measurement Father Tasburgh was using – the distance from Dublin to Cong is approximately 150 miles.

[112] Latin – in the same place.

[113] Possibly ‘roquelaure’ a cloak worn by men in the 18th century.